Myopia is a refractive error in your eyeball. When you look at distant objects they are not in focus.
Myopia and myopia control have become one of the major health issues on the planet. Myopia, or Nearsightedness, once considered just an optical or refractive error is now considered as a disease.
In fact, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) now views progressive myopia as an epidemic disease affecting 1.6 billion children and adults worldwide, with expectations that the number will hit 2.5 billion by 2020. It has gone up 75% in the U.S. since the 1970’s and at current rates there are 400,000 new myopic cases in America per year! Increasing Myopia not only causes blurrier and blurrier distance vision but more importantly it can significantly increase the odds of developing sight threatening conditions like retinal holes, tears and detachments, macular degeneration, cataracts and glaucoma. See: D.I. Flitcroft. (2012) The complex interactions of retinal, optical and environmental factors in myopia aetiology. (ABSTRACT) Progress in Retinal and Eye Research VOL 31 (2012) 622-660 doi: 10.1016/j.preteyeres.2012.06.004 For further information see: www.brienholdenvision.org.
-1.00 - -3.00 has an OR of 2.3 for glaucoma,
Extensive research has shown that orthoK can slow the progression of myopia reducing the risk of retinal detachment, cataract and glaucoma as well as the social issues associated with wearing thick, heavy glasses. Ironically, the image focused by glasses and conventional soft lenses may actually contribute to the axial length growth of the eye, increasing myopia. For more information go to: www.orthokacademy.com.
Distance vision is blurry because your eyeball is typically too long in measurement from the front to back and the image falling on the retina is not in focus. Uncommonly you could have myopia because your eye’s cornea or lens is too curved. Some people have a combination of these issues that result in their myopia. Other symptoms may include having headaches caused by eye strain as you try to focus on objects in the distance. Near vision is usually great without correction. The landmark study by Earl L. Smith III, OD, showed that peripheral retinal defocus was the cause of myopia progression and that OrthoK lenses bring the peripheral focus back to the plane of the retina thus breaking the feedback loop that tells the eye to stop elongating and stops the myopia progression. Listen to Dr. Earl Smith, OD, PhD as he explains the relationship between refractive error and eye growth:
Historically, myopia was considered essentially genetic with little emphasis on visual behavior and near vision activities. Now, in the age of reading, computers, smart phones, tablets, gaming and other electronic devices and the epidemic increase of myopia, the jury is in on near activity as the primary culprit.
If your child is suffering from reoccurring headaches and often seen squinting when looking afar, this is a tell-tale sign that they may have myopia. A thorough in office evaluation should be performed for a clear diagnosis. Contact us to schedule an appointment. Dr. Berke provides all the treatment plans for myopia, and is a provider of pediatric optometry to treat kids with myopia and its progression. The earlier a child is diagnosed with myopia the more likely to progress to dangerously high levels. Early onset also brings with it the likelihood of affecting education and learning when left undetected.
If you are suffering from myopia we offer several treatment options for our patients. OrthoK is an ideal solution for treating myopia in patients of all ages without the use of eye surgery. Studies have shown that OrthoK lenses can slow down myopia to little or no progression during treatment. Other ways to treat myopia is through the use of corrective eyeglasses, bifocal soft contact lenses, vision therapy, and/or pharmaceuticals ie atropine. Refractive surgery is yet another option after the age of 18 and all entrance criteria are met. Modern day surgeries include LASIK, LASEK, PRK and SMILE, the newest of them all.
Avoiding extended periods of near vision work especially on electronic devices and spending mandatory time outside has lessened the adaptive impact to increase myopia.
Children make great OthoK wearers. They are highly motivated and learn how to take care of their lenses quickly, even as young as five. Parents play a key role in childhood myopia management.
Click here to learn more (Increased Prevalence of Myopia in the United States Between 1971-1972 and 1999-2004 Susan Vitale, PhD, MHS; Robert D. Sperduto, MD; Frederick L. Ferris III, MD).
Click here to read about The Case for Myopia Control Now
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